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To use this Apache Druid (incubating) extension, make sure to include druid-s3-extensions as an extension.

Deep Storage

S3-compatible deep storage means either AWS S3 or a compatible service like Google Storage which exposes the same API as S3.


The AWS SDK requires that the target region be specified. Two ways of doing this are by using the JVM system property aws.region or the environment variable AWS_REGION.

As an example, to set the region to 'us-east-1' through system properties:

  • Add -Daws.region=us-east-1 to the jvm.config file for all Druid services.
  • Add -Daws.region=us-east-1 to druid.indexer.runner.javaOpts in middleManager/ so that the property will be passed to Peon (worker) processes.
Property Description Default
druid.s3.accessKey S3 access key. Must be set.
druid.s3.secretKey S3 secret key. Must be set. Bucket to store in. Must be set. Base key prefix to use, i.e. what directory. Must be set. Boolean flag to disable ACL. If this is set to false, the full control would be granted to the bucket owner. This may require to set additional permissions. See S3 permissions settings. false Server-side encryption type. Should be one of s3, kms, and custom. See the below Server-side encryption section for more details. None AWS KMS key ID. This is used only when is kms and can be empty to use the default key ID. None Base64-encoded key. Should be specified if is custom. None
druid.s3.protocol Communication protocol type to use when sending requests to AWS. http or https can be used. This configuration would be ignored if druid.s3.endpoint.url is filled with a URL with a different protocol. https
druid.s3.disableChunkedEncoding Disables chunked encoding. See AWS document for details. false
druid.s3.enablePathStyleAccess Enables path style access. See AWS document for details. false
druid.s3.forceGlobalBucketAccessEnabled Enables global bucket access. See AWS document for details. false
druid.s3.endpoint.url Service endpoint either with or without the protocol. None
druid.s3.endpoint.signingRegion Region to use for SigV4 signing of requests (e.g. us-west-1). None Proxy host to connect through. None
druid.s3.proxy.port Port on the proxy host to connect through. None
druid.s3.proxy.username User name to use when connecting through a proxy. None
druid.s3.proxy.password Password to use when connecting through a proxy. None

S3 permissions settings

s3:GetObject and s3:PutObject are basically required for pushing/loading segments to/from S3. If is set to false, then s3:GetBucketAcl and s3:PutObjectAcl are additionally required to set ACL for objects.

Server-side encryption

You can enable server-side encryption by setting to a supported type of server-side encryption. The current supported types are:


This firehose ingests events from a predefined list of S3 objects. This firehose is splittable and can be used by native parallel index tasks. Since each split represents an object in this firehose, each worker task of index_parallel will read an object.

Sample spec:

"firehose" : {
    "type" : "static-s3",
    "uris": ["s3://foo/bar/file.gz", "s3://bar/foo/file2.gz"]

This firehose provides caching and prefetching features. In IndexTask, a firehose can be read twice if intervals or shardSpecs are not specified, and, in this case, caching can be useful. Prefetching is preferred when direct scan of objects is slow.

property description default required?
type This should be static-s3. N/A yes
uris JSON array of URIs where s3 files to be ingested are located. N/A uris or prefixes must be set
prefixes JSON array of URI prefixes for the locations of s3 files to be ingested. N/A uris or prefixes must be set
maxCacheCapacityBytes Maximum size of the cache space in bytes. 0 means disabling cache. Cached files are not removed until the ingestion task completes. 1073741824 no
maxFetchCapacityBytes Maximum size of the fetch space in bytes. 0 means disabling prefetch. Prefetched files are removed immediately once they are read. 1073741824 no
prefetchTriggerBytes Threshold to trigger prefetching s3 objects. maxFetchCapacityBytes / 2 no
fetchTimeout Timeout for fetching an s3 object. 60000 no
maxFetchRetry Maximum retry for fetching an s3 object. 3 no